Reading Comprehension / Unseen Passages for Class 12
Read the following passage given below and answer the questions that follow:
Environment Day is celebrated every year on the 5th of June on different platforms to spread the message to protect our beloved Earth, a living entity. We have to protect this earth, not only for us but for our future generations also. We are the stewards of this earth, so it’s our sole responsibility to form a guard to protect the beloved earth. The protection of nature and conservation is a must for us to survive on earth whose condition is deteriorating day by day. It was established by the UN General Assembly in 1972 on the First Day of the Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment, resulting from discussions on the integration of human interactions and the environment. In 1974, the First Eco Day was held with the theme “Only One Earth”.
The theme of World Environment Day this year is ‘Only One Earth,’ which focuses on living sustainably in harmony with nature. Sweden is hosting the World Environment Day conference this year. The theme for 2021 was “Ecosystem Restoration,” and Pakistan hosted the conference. World Environment Day: World Environment Day 2022 TThe United Nations established the Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment (5–16 June 1972) as a result of discussions on the integration of human interactions and the environment. Two years later, in 1974, the first World Environment Day was held with the theme “Only One Earth.” Even though World Environment Day celebrations have been held annually since 1974, the idea of rotating the center of these activities by selecting different host countries began in 1987
Plants are extremely beneficial to the environment and all living things. Plants absorb CO2 and release oxygen through their leaves, which humans and other animals require to breathe. Plants are necessary for life because living things eat and live in them. Plants can also help to clean water.
“To celebrate World Environment Day, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced a waste management drive across India which will aim to tackle the problem of country’s waste generation and set a world record” Haryana Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar announced that the state government will join the mass movement on World Environment Day on June 5, and conduct a waste management drive in all villages.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi on his monthly ‘Mann Ki Baat’ announced that a ‘massive’ waste management campaign will be launched in 4000 cities on June 5, World Environment Day, and will continue till October 2. Once completed, India will attempt to set a world record of 100 percent waste segregation with this campaign where a maximum number of people will pledge to segregate waste. Chief Minister Khattar announced the state’s participation in the campaign on Twitter and said, “On 5th June, Special Cleanliness campaigns will be organised in all villages of Haryana with 10,000+ population.”
Question: Answer the following questions:
- On which day is World Environment Day celebrated?
- When was the first Earth Day celebrated?
- Where was it celebrated for the first time?
- Who organises World Environment Day every year?
- What is the theme of World Environment Day?
- Why is World Environment Day celebrated every year?
- Write the full form of WED.
- What is the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana?
- What is the name of the project started on World Environment Day by the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi?
- To which date will the above continue?
- What is on October 2nd?
- What is the full form of N.S.S?
- When will special cleanliness campaigns be organised in all villages of Haryana?
- What is the announcement made by Sh. Manohar Lal Khattar, the Chief Minister of Haryana?
- When did Prime Minister Narendra Modi announce the project on ‘Waste Management in his ‘Mann Ki Baat’?
- World Environment day is celebrated on the 5th of June
- It was first celebrated first time in 1974.
- It was celebrated in Stockholm.
- U.N.O. organises world environment day every year.
- The theme of World Environment day is “Only One Earth”.
- It is celebrated every year to spread the message to protect the environment.
- The full form of WED is world environment day.
- To distribute free LPG cylinders to BPL families.
- Waste Management drive across India.
- It will continue till October 2.
- Birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, The Father of Nation.
- The full form of NSS is National Service Scheme.
- It be organised in all villages of Haryana on June 5.
- “On 5th June, Special Cleanliness campaigns will be organised in all villages of Haryana with 10,000+ population.”
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced the project on ‘Waste Management in his ‘Mann Ki Baat’ on May 29.
Question Paper Class12,Year-2020
SECTION – A
1. Read the passage given below and answer the
questions that follow :
About one in five people in the world follow the teachings of the Buddha, who lived about 2600 years ago. He was born in 563 B.C. The Buddha is a title, not a name. It means ‘The
Enlightened One’ or ‘The One Who Knows.’ The Buddha’s real name was Siddhartha. He was the son of a Sakya King in northern India. He and his family were all Hindus and belonged to the
Gautama clan. Gautama Siddhartha was brought up in luxury.
He lived in his father’s palace and saw nothing of the outside world until he was a young man. Then one day accompanied by his
charioteer Channa, Prince Siddhartha went round the city. On his way, he saw some sights that he had never seen before. First, he saw a man who was very old and bent with age. Then
he saw a man who was suffering from a terrible disease, possibly leprosy. And then he saw a dead man who was being taken to the cremation ground. These sights made the prince very sad.
(i) ‘The Buddha’ means …………..
(a) Gautama the Buddha
(b) Siddhartha the Buddha
(c) Siddhartha Gautama the Buddha
(d) The Enlightened One
(ii) The real name of the Buddha was …………..
(d) The Enlightened One
(iii) Who was Channa?
(a) Prince Siddhartha’s charioteer.
(b) The chief of the Gautama clan.
(c) A Sakya King in northern India.
(d) A cook in the King’s palace.
(iv) Prince Siddhartha knew nothing of ………..
until he was a young man.
(a) luxuries and joys of life
(b) the life outside his father’s palace
(c) the life inside his father’s palace
(d) anything inside and outside the palace
- d- The Enlightened one
- a- Prince Siddhartha’s Charioteer
- b- The life outside his father’s palace
Today we know about every part of the world. No land or sea is not known to us. Man has explored every corner of the world, and he knows all the ways and routes
from anywhere to everywhere in the world. He can reach from one place to the other as safely, easily, and quickly as he likes. He has maps to guide him and the fastest means of transport to
carry him. But for ages most of the world was unknown to man. To begin with, he lived in caves. Then he came out of caves and started making homes in little corners of forests or
behind the hills.
He was afraid of wild animals and also of the clouds and the winds. He offered prayers and sacrifices to gods who, he thought, controlled the clouds and the winds. But, slowly
through long centuries, men began to explore what lay beyond the caves, hills, and forests where they had their homes. They went in their boats, first on the rivers and then across the
seas. At first, they remained close to the shore and each new voyager went a little farther than the previous one.
Questions : 1 × 4 = 4
(i) Today there is no part of the world that
(a) unknown (b) unexplored
(c) Both (a) & (b) (d) Neither (a) nor (b)
(ii) To begin with man lived ………… .
(a) in caves (b) in forests
(c) in small homes (d) in little villages
(iii) The early man used to offer prayers and
sacrifices to gods because …………
(a) he was afraid of the clouds and the
(b) he thought gods controlled the clouds
and the winds.
(c) he lived in caves and forests.
(d) he had very little homes in the corners
(iv) What did the early explorers do?
(a) They went in boats on the rivers.
(b) They went in big ships across the seas.
(c) They went farther and farther into the
(d) They used steamships in place of
1. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow :
For four days, I walked through narrow lanes of the old city, enjoying the romance of being in a city where history still lives – in its cobblestone streets and in its people riding asses, carrying
vine leaves and palms as they once did during the time of Christ. This is Jerusalem, home to the sacred sites of Christianity, Islam and Judaism. This is the place that houses the church of the
Holy Sepulchre, the place where Jesus was finally laid to rest. This is also the site of Christ’s crucifixion, burial, and resurrection. Built by the Roman Emperor Constantine at the site of an
earlier temple to Aphrodite, it is the most venerated Christian shrine in the world. And justifiably so. Here, within the church, are the last five stations of the cross, the 10th station where Jesus was stripped of his clothes, the 11th where he was nailed to the cross, the 12th where he died on the cross, and the 13th where the body was removed from the cross, and the 14th, his tomb. For all this weighty tradition, the approach and entrance to the church are nondescript. You have to ask for directions. Even to the devout Christian pilgrims walking along the Via Dolorosa – the Way of Sorrows – the first nine stations look clueless.
Then a courtyard appears, hemmed in by other buildings and a doorway to one side. This leads to a vast area of huge stone architecture. Immediately inside the entrance is your first stop. It’s the stone of anointing: this is the place, according to Greek tradition, where Christ was removed from the cross. The Roman Catholics, however, believe it to be the spot where Jesus’s body was prepared for burial by Joseph. What happened next? Jesus was buried. He was taken to a place outside the city of Jerusalem where other graves existed and there, he was buried in a
cave. However, all that is long gone, destroyed by continued attacks and rebuilding; what remains is the massive – and impressive – Rotunda (a round building with a dome) that Emperor Constantine built. Under this, and right in the center of the Rotunda, is the structure that contains the Holy Sepulchre. “How do you know this is Jesus’s tomb ?” I asked one of the
pilgrims standing next to me. He was clueless, more interested, like the rest of them, in the novelty of it all and in photographing it, than in its history or tradition. At the start of the first century, the place was a disused quarry outside the city walls. According to the gospels, Jesus’ crucifixion occurred ‘at a place outside the city walls with graves nearby ….. ‘. Archaeologists have discovered tombs from that era, so the site is compatible with the biblical period. The structure at the site is a marble tomb built over the original burial chamber. It has two rooms, and you enter four at a time into the first of these, the Chapel of the Angel. Here the angel is supposed to have sat on a stone to recount Christ’s resurrection. A low door made of white marble, partly worn away by pilgrims’ hands, leads to a smaller chamber inside. This is the ‘room of the tomb’, the place where Jesus was buried. We entered it in a single file. On my right was a large marble slab that covered the original rock bench on which the body of Jesus was laid. A woman knelt and prayed. Her eyes were wet with tears. She pressed her face against the slab to hide them, but it only made it worse.
Questions : 1 × 4 = 4
(i) How did Jerusalem still retain the charm of the ancient era?
(a) There are narrow lanes
(b) Roads are paved with cobblestone
(c) People can be seen riding asses
(d) All of the above
(ii) Holy Sepulchre is sacred to :
(d) Both (a) and (c)
(iii) Why does one have to constantly ask for directions to the church
(a) Its lanes are narrow
(b) Entrance to the church is nondescript
(c) People are not tourist-friendly
(d) Everyone is lost in enjoying the romance of the place
(iv) Where was Jesus buried
(a) In a cave
(b) At a place outside the city
(c) In the Holy Sepulchre
(d) Both (a) and (b)
“It is impossible to think about the welfare of the world unless the condition of women is improved. IA bird can’t flyon only one wing.” – Swami Vivekananda Women are not born, but made. What is better than India to exemplify this statement by Simone de Beauvoir. With the whole world celebrating International Women’s Day with great pomp and show, it would be only apt to analyse the position and space Indian women occupy today and compare it to the times 60 years ago when the country had just gained independence. With the women participating in nationalist movements to being pushed into domestic households place, to their resurgence as the super-women today, women in our country have seen it all. There have been innumerable debates about gender in India over the years. Much of it includes women’s position in society, their education, health, economic position, gender equality, etc. What one
can conclude from such discussions is that women have always held a certain paradoxical position in our developing country. On the one hand, the country has seen an increased percentage of literacy among women, and women are allowed to enter into professional fields, while on the other hand the practices of female infanticide, poor health conditions, and lack of education persist. Even the patriarchal ideology of the home being a woman’s real domain and marriage being her ultimate destiny hasn’t changed much. The matrimonial advertisements, demanding girls of the same caste, with fair skin and slim figures, or the much-criticized fair and lovely ads, are indicators of the slow-changing social mores.
If one looks at the status of women then and now, one has to look at two sides of the coin; one side which is promising, and one bleak side. When our country got its independence, the participation of women nationalists was widely acknowledged. When the Indian Constitution was formulated, it granted equal rights to women, considering them legal citizens of the
country and equal to men in terms of freedom and opportunity. The sex ratio of women at that time was slightly better than what it is today, standing at 945 females per 1000 males. Yet the conditions of women screamed a different reality. They were relegated to their households and made to submit to the male-dominated society, as has always been prevalent in our country. Indian women, who fought as an equal to men in the nationalist struggle, were not given that free public space anymore. They became homemakers and were mainly meant to build a strong
home to support their men who were to build the newly independent country. Women were reduced to being secondary citizens. The national female literacy rate was an alarmingly low 8.9 percent. The Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER) for girls was 24.8 percent at the primary level and 4.6 percent at the upper primary level (in the 11 – 14 years age group). There existed insoluble social and cultural barriers to the education of women and access to organized schooling.
Questions : 1 × 4 = 4
(i) The writer says that the women have seen it all because :
(a) They participated in the nationalist movements.
(b) They were pushed into household space.
(c) They have become superwomen today.
(d) All of the above.
(ii) Pick one statement which brings out the paradoxical nature of
women’s position in society today :
(a) They are entering professional fields and becoming literate.
(b) They lack education and female infanticide is still rampant.
(c) They are still victims of a patriarchal mindset.
(d) While they are allowed to enter professional fields they are still
victims of patriarchal mindsets.
(iii) The Indian Constitution did not ensure :
(a) that women get equal rights.
(b) that they were considered equal to men.
(c) that the sex ratio would be 945 females to 1000 males.
(d) that they were legal citizens of India.
(iv) Despite the provisions of the constitution :
(a) women were relegated to the household.
(b) women were not allowed free space.
(c) women were dictated by patriarchy.
(d) all of the above.
Read the passage and answer the following questions:
Generally, every individual can resist impulses at a personal level, adapt their behaviour to a range of standards, and modify prevailing behaviour in the service of achieving distal goals; it is called Self-regulation. You can call self-regulation different names such as self-control of anger, self-management, and emotional regulation. Our self-regulation ability in every field e.g. education, sports, health and vocational, etc. associated with positive functioning and outcomes.
One of the elements that contribute to the poor quality of student learning is a poor self-learning pattern. Students with effective self-regulation are aware of the value of learning and can regulate their emotions to improve the learning process and outcomes. Self-regulation enables students to evaluate their performance. Students with a high degree of independence can generally arrange their learning process, and complete activities, and homework without relying on teachers, parents, or friends. Consciously, he is highly independent in his studying since he desires to attain great success. Students with low degrees of learning independence, on the other hand, are heavily reliant on others to learn.
Self-system beliefs and Learning strategies are fundamental to a student’s motivation and performance. Its positive association with other constructs has indicated that self-regulated learning has a stronger effect on academic performance, and emotional, cognitive as well as behavioral functioning of the students. Therefore, Researchers can say that these are the most important variables that determine the academic achievement of students and their success in other areas of life
Self-regulation strategies can be used as a promotional as well as curative techniques or routes to better health. Self-regulation capacity will always work as a controller or buffering agent in health complaints. In the academic field self-regulated learning improves students’ academic engagement, goal-setting, task selection, perseverance and effort, intrinsic motivation, strategy usage, performance and accomplishment, and even career choice. Self-regulation ability increase the student’s strategic control and domain, as they can better conduct their learning processes and tactics, manage the effort to be placed to know a certain topic, and control their emotions in the face of adversities
Questions for comprehension
- What is the meaning of self-regulation?
- What are the other names for self-regulation?
- Name the fields where you can have self-regulation.
- How does self-regulation improve students’ performance?
- Which type of student achieves more in the learning process?
- Do students with a low degree of independence depend upon others?
- What are the fundamentals of a student’s motivation?
- Does self-regulation affect a student’s academic performance?
- How does self-regulation affect us?
- How does self-regulation affect our health?
- Self-regulation means controlling our feelings in odd circumstances.
- The other names for self-regulation are: self-control of anger, self-management, and emotional regulation.
- We can have self-regulation in education, sports, health, and vocational.
- It helps the students evaluate their performance.
- Students with a high degree of independence can achieve more in learning.
- Yes, the student with a low degree of independence depends upon others.
- Self-system beliefs and learning strategies are fundamental to a student’s motivation and performance.
- It increases a student’s learning abilities.
- Self-regulation helps us excel in life.
- It affects our ability to build good health.
Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow:
A happy mind lives in a healthy body, the secret of Indian Culture needs to be adopted. Our minds and body have been ailing for the last two years due to Covid-19. Due to Covid-19, the cases of proper sleep and depression have increased. Let us discuss how to make our minds healthy in such conditions.
Ideal Health includes the physical, mental, and social well-being of a person. everyone needs to have all these three things to live a happy life. Healthy people are an asset to society. According to WHO, health is fundamental to human happiness and well-being. They are more productive and contribute significantly to the economic advancement of society. WHO observes world health day on 7 April every year, to spread awareness among the community about the importance of health and well-being around the world. This year, the theme of World Health Day is ‘Our planet, our health’ It aims to focus on When was first global attention on the overall well. being of our planet and people living on it.
WHO convened the first World Health Day in 1948. The first World Health Day was celebrated on 7 April 1950, the day has been observed on that date every year thereafter.
Five Secrets of a Healthy Mind
A healthy mind lives in a healthy body. It is our top priority in life to be healthy. Therefore, you need to follow certain rules to keep yourself healthy.
Food, According to Science, Indian food is healthy and balanced. Eating healthy has many positive benefits to both your body and mind. When we eat well we feel good about it, and when we feel good we are much happier and more productive people. This cycle then affects your work, your relationships, and your overall life in general. It, therefore, makes sense to eat the healthiest things and reap the benefits of doing so. Indian Thali has protein, vitamins, fiber, carbohydrates, and minerals. It contains dal, chapati, rice, vegetables, and curd. It gives us the energy to remain healthy. Eat organic food to keep yourself healthy.
Fitness, It’s morning time and let us roll out our yoga mat and discover the combination of physical and mental exercises that has been a favorite for yoga practitioners around the world for thousands of years, especially in India where yoga has been a part of Saints’ life. Baba Ramdev, the founder member of Patanjali Wellness Centre, has made it so popular. Yoga has been recognized throughout the globe and World Yoga day has been recognized by U.N.O. The beauty of yoga is that everybody can do it. Whether you are young or old, overweight or fit, yoga has the power to calm the mind and strengthen the body. Don’t be misguided by yoga terminology, fancy yoga studios, and complicated poses. Yoga is for all.
Sound Sleep, Get up early in the morning Sleep is one of the most primitive and basic requirements of life. Numerous studies and long-drawn research have simplified some aspects of its function and nature, though a lot of it yet remains elusive. The body rests during sleep and ‘restores’ its energy and functions. The energy consumption in various organs is minimal and the brain conserves its nerve cells and connections to be active again when awake. Adequate quantity and quality of sleep determine our daily schedule, activity levels, attention, memory, learning, and even our lifespan. Get Up early in the morning before Sunrise, our body gets energy. Try to sleep early before 10 p.m. at the night.
Healing and Yoga, Practicing yoga poses improve muscle strength, flexibility, and range of motion, all very important for the healing and prevention of back pain and musculoskeletal diseases such as arthritis and osteoporosis. Yoga reduces stress and heals our mind and body. These two main benefits of yoga are linked and are the main factors in how yoga is a powerful therapy for healing the physical body.
Meditate every morning and every evening for 15-30 minutes. It is best to meditate before you eat. Try to meditate in a quiet place but if you do not have a quiet place to meditate that is okay. Noise is not a barrier to meditating.
Sit quietly, close your eyes, and do nothing for a minute or so. Thoughts will come and that is okay. It is natural to have thoughts during meditation. After a minute or so, in the same natural way that thoughts come, and without moving your tongue or lips, quietly inside start saying your mantra. Slowly repeat your mantra until you are done meditating. When thoughts come, gently return to saying your mantra. When you finish meditating, lay down and rest for 4-5 minutes.
Therefore, we should try to keep our family healthy and we are all healthy, the whole world will be happy and prosperous. Our ultimate aim is to keep us healthy and happy. Join RLE Mission to excel in life. May God bless you with good health. For life hacks and educational solutions visit readlearnexcel.
Reading Comprehension: Unseen Passage for Class 12
Answer the following questions from the above paragraph:
- Where does the happy mind live?
- When did we celebrate World Health Day 2022?
- What was the theme of the day?
- What does “ideal health” include?
- When was the first World Health Day observed?
- Is Indian food healthy?
- What is included in the Indian Thali?
- Who is the founder of Patanjali Wellness Centre?
- Who has recognised World Yoga Day?
- What does the body do when you are sleeping?
- When should we sleep?
- How does yoga heal our bodies?
- What is meditation?
- How do we perform meditation?
- Happy mind lives in healthy body.
- We celeberate the day on 7 April.
- The theme of the day is ‘Our planet, our health’.
- Ideal health includes the physical, mental, and social well-being of a person.
- It was observed on 7 April 1950.
- Yes, Indian food is healthy.
- It contains dal, chapati, rice, vegetables, and curd.
- Baba Ramdev.
- World Yoga day has been recognized by U.N.O.
- The body rests during sleep and ‘restores’ its energy and functions.
- We should sleep by 10p.m.
- Practicing yoga poses improve muscle strength, flexibility, and range of motion.
- Sit quietly, close your eyes, and do nothing for a minute.
- We don’t move oue lips and recite mantra.