10 Most Important Note-Making Examples: Class 12 Exams Special will provide you with examples for practicing note-making. The title should be very short and appropriate to reveal the main idea of the passage while making notes. 10 Most Important Note-Making Examples: Class 12 Exams Special, avoid using full sentences and use only phrases while doing a question on note-making. 10 Most Important Note-Making Examples: Class 12 Exams Special is also good for quick revision.
Updated on January 17, 2024
Note-Making Examples: HBSE Sample Paper 2023-24 Class 12
2. Read the following passage carefully and make notes. Also give a suitable title to passage. 5 (4 + 1) Advances in computing and digital technologies have a direct influence on our lives, businesses and social life. This has influenced our daily routines, such as using mobile devices and active involvement on social media. AI systems are the most influential digital technologies. With AI systems, businesses are able to handle large data sets and provide speedy essential input to operations. Moreover, businesses are able to adapt to constant changes and are becoming more flexible. By introducing Artificial Intelligence systems into devices, new business processes are opting for the automated process. A new paradigm emerges as a result of such intelligent automation, which now dictates not only how businesses operate but also who does the job. Many manufacturing sites can now operate fully automated with robots and without any human workers. Artificial Intelligence now brings unheard and unexpected innovations to the business world that many organizations will need to integrate to remain competitive and move further to lead the competitors. Artificial Intelligence shapes our lives and social interactions through technological advancement. There are many AI applications which are specifically developed for providing better services to individuals, such as mobile phones, electronic gadgets, social media platforms etc. We are delegating our activities through intelligent applications, such as personal assistants, intelligent wearable devices and other applications. AI systems that operate household apparatus help us at home with cooking or cleaning. But Artificial Intelligence has another aspect: it can be dangerous for us. If we become completely dependent on machines, then it can ruin our life. We will not be able to do any work by ourselves and get lazy. Another disadvantage is that it cannot give a human-like feeling. So machines should be used only where they are actually required.
Title: The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Daily Life and Business
- Influence on Daily Life:
- Mobile devices and social media play a significant role in our routines.
- AI systems, notably, have a direct impact on our daily lives.
- Business Transformation:
- AI systems enable businesses to handle large data sets efficiently.
- They provide speedy essential input to operations.
- Businesses become more adaptable to constant changes, fostering flexibility.
- Automation in Business Processes:
- Introduction of AI systems leads to the automation of business processes.
- Intelligent automation dictates not only how businesses operate but also influences job roles.
- Many manufacturing sites operate fully automated with robots, minimizing human involvement.
- Innovations in the Business World:
- AI brings unexpected innovations to stay competitive.
- Organizations need to integrate AI for a leading edge over competitors.
- AI in Social Interactions:
- AI shapes social interactions through various applications.
- Mobile phones, electronic gadgets, and social media platforms utilize AI for better services.
- Intelligent applications like personal assistants and wearable devices enhance daily activities.
- Potential Dangers of AI:
- Dependency on machines could have negative consequences.
- Complete reliance on AI might lead to laziness and a loss of self-sufficiency.
- Machines lack a human-like feeling, indicating limits to their application.
- Guiding Principle:
- Machines should be used only where necessary, highlighting the importance of a balanced approach to AI integration.
2. Read the following passage carefully and make notes. Also, give a suitable title to the passage. 4+1 You may never want to fly kites to keep away evil spirits, as the Chinese have done for centuries, or to make rain, as the Tibetans did, but some more modern and western uses may tempt you to try experimenting yourself along similar lines. Ancient and medieval Chinese sources describe kites being used for measuring distances, testing the wind, lifting men, signalling and communication for military operations. The earliest known Chinese kites were flat (not bowed) and often rectangular. Later, tailless kites incorporated a stabilising bowline. Kites were decorated with mythological motifs and legendary figures; some were fitted with strings and whistles to make musical sounds while flying. From China, kites were introduced to Cambodia, India, Japan, Korea and the western world. The most widespread use of kites in modern times has been for meteorological investigations. Everybody knows about how Benjamin Franklin, the great American scholar and statesman, sent a kite up in 1752 during a thunderstorm to prove that lightning was caused by electricity. He produced sparks at ground level from a key hung on the wet line as the current flowed down it. A second investigator repeated Franklin’s experiment shortly afterwards and was killed. By sending up instruments on kites it has been possible to make readings of air pressure, temperature, speed, direction and humidity. Although thermometers had been sent up long before, it was not until 1894, that a self-reading thermometer, a thermograph, was sent up by a kite.
Title: “The Evolution and Diverse Uses of Kites: From Ancient Traditions to Modern Science”
- Ancient and Medieval Chinese Uses:
- Chinese historically used kites for various purposes.
- Functions included measuring distances, wind testing, lifting men, military signaling, and communication.
- Early Chinese kites were flat and rectangular; later versions had a stabilizing bowline.
- Decorations included mythological motifs, and some had strings and whistles for musical effects.
- Spread of Kites Across Cultures:
- Chinese kites made their way to Cambodia, India, Japan, Korea, and the western world.
- Modern Meteorological Investigations:
- Kites became widely used for meteorological studies.
- Benjamin Franklin’s famous 1752 experiment demonstrated that lightning was caused by electricity.
- Instruments attached to kites allowed readings of air pressure, temperature, speed, direction, and humidity.
- In 1894, the introduction of a self-reading thermometer (thermograph) via kite improved meteorological data collection.
- Historical Significance:
- Kites served as tools for scientific experimentation, contributing to our understanding of weather-related phenomena.
- The passage highlights both traditional and modern uses of kites, emphasizing their evolution from ancient practices to scientific applications.
10 Most Important Note-Making Examples: Class 12 Exams Special
Q. 1. Read the following passage carefully and make notes on it using headings and sub-headings. Supply an appropriate title also : 4 + 1 = 5
A vast blanket of pollution stretching across South Asia is cutting down sunlight by 10 percent over India, damaging agriculture, modifying rainfall patterns and putting hundreds of thousands of people at risk, according to a new study. The startling findings of scientists working with the United Nations Environment Programme indicate that the spectacular economic growth seen in this part of the world in the past decade may soon falter as a result of pollution. Research carried out in India indicates that the haze caused by pollution might be reducing winter rice harvests by as much as 10 percent, the report said. “Acids in the haze may, by falling as acid rain, have the potential to damage crops and trees. Ash falling on leaves can aggravate the impact of reduced sunlight on earth’s surface. The pollution that is forming the haze could be leading to several hundred of thousands of premature deaths as a result of higher level of respiratory diseases,” it said. Results from seven cities in India alone, including Delhi, Mumbai, Ahmedabad and Kolkata, estimate that air pollution was annually responsible for 24000 premature deaths in the early 1990s.
Title: Pollution and its effects
1.1 Bad affects of pollution
1.2. Cut down sunlight
1.3. Dmg. agri.
1.4. Rainfall pattern changed
1.5. Life at risk
2. Scientists view on pollution
2.1. Faulty economic growth
2.1.1. Haze due to pollution reduces rice prod. by 10%
2.1.2 Acid rain dmg. crops and trees
2.1.3. Ash reduces sunlight
3. Side effects of haze
3.1. Reduces rice production
3.2. Causes premature deaths due to respiratory diseases
4. Result of pollution in seven cities
4.1. Air pollution causes 24000 deaths in 1990s
- Damaged: Dmg.
- Agriculture: agri.
- Production: prod.
2. Note-Making: BSEH Previous Years Question Papers Solutions for Class 12 English 2020 Set B
Q. 2. Read the following passage carefully and make notes on it using headings and sub-headings. Supply an appropriate title also : 4 + 1 = 5
Skipping breakfast, especially among primary and secondary school children, affects mental performance in the classroom, thus lending weight to the old age that a healthy breakfast gets you off to a good start for the day. New research shows that eating breakfast benefits the memory. It provides essential nutrients and energy that contribute to the overall diet quality and adequacy. Children who skip breakfast do not makeup for nutrients and energy deficits later in the day and they tend to perform more poorly in tests of cognition than those who eat their breakfast. A study undertaken by doctors at the University of Wales in the U.K. found that a higher blood glucose level after eating breakfast is one of the key reasons for the improvement in mental performance. It particularly affects the speed of recalling new information, but does not influence other aspects such as intelligence test results or mental tasks related to conditioning or developed skills. Eating breakfast was found to improve performance on retention of new information like recall of stories and word lists. This aspect of memory is called ‘declarative memory’ in which information can be consciously recalled and declared verbally, says the study whose finding have been presented in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.
Title: Benefits of breakfast for children
A. Affects of Skipping Breakfast
A.1 Skipping breakfast effects
A.2. Badly affects mental performance
A.3. Increase wt.
A.4. Perform more poorly in tests
B. Healthy breakfast benefits
B.1.1. Benefits memory
B.1.2. Provides essential nts. and energy
B.1.3. Higher blood glucose level after eating breakfast increase mental performance
B.1.4. Increase speed of recalling new inform.
B.1.5. Helps in retention of new inform.
- weight: wt.
- nutrients: nts.
- information: inform.
Q. 3. Read the following passage carefully and make notes on it using headings and sub-headings. Supply an appropriate title also : 4 + 1 = 5
Gandhiji the greatest political genius of our time, indicated the path to be taken. He gave living testimony to the fact that man’s will sustained by an indomitable conviction, is more powerful
than material forces that seem in surmountable. On the whole, I believe that Gandhiji held the most enlightened view of all political men of our times. We should strive to do things in his spirit : not to use violence in fighting for our cause and to refrain from taking part in anything we believe as evil. Revolution without the use of violence was the method by which Gandhiji brought about the liberation of India. It is my belief that the problem of bringing peace to the world on a supranational basis will be solved only by employing Gandhji’s method on a large
scale. The veneration in which Gandhiji has been held throughout the world rests on the recognition, for the most part unconscious, that in our age of moral decay, he was the only statesman who represented that higher conception of human relation in the political sphere to which we must aspire with all our powers.
Title: Gandhiji and his ideology
1. Gandhiji living testimony
1.1 Men sustain by ind. conviction
1.2. ind. conviction is powerful than mat. forces
1.3. Gandhiji political views were on the top of the world
2. Gandhiji theory of non-violence
2.1. No -violence in getting our rights
2.2. Live away from evil
2.3. World will be peaceful if we follow non-violence
3. Recognition of Gandhiji theory on non-violence
3.1. Follow Gandhiji to have peace in world
3.2. Moral decay is preval. in the world
3.3. Gandhiji relates human concepts with politics
- indomitable: ind.
- material: mat.
- prevailing: preval.
Q. 4. Read the following passage carefully and make notes on it using headings and sub-headings. Supply an appropriate title also : 4 + 1 = 5
The small village of Somnathpur contains an extraordinary temple, built around 1268 A.D. by the Hoyasalas of Karnataka – one of the most prolific temple-builders. Belur and Helebid are among their better-known works. ‘While these suffered during the invasions of the 14th century, the Somnathpur temple stands more or less intact in near-original condition. This small temple captivates the beauty and vitality of its detailed sculpture, covering almost every inch of the walls, pillars and even ceilings. It has three shikharas and stands on a star-shaped, raised
platform with 24 edges. The outer walls have a profusion of detailed carvings: the entire surface run over by carved plaques of stone. There were vertical panels covered by exquisite figures of
gods and goddesses with many incarnations being depicted.
There were nymphs too, some carrying an ear of maize – a symbol of plenty and prosperity. The elaborate ornamentation,
the very characteristic of Hoyasala sculptures, was a remarkable feature. On closer look – and it is worth it – the series of friezes on the outer walls revealed intricately carved caparisoned
(covered decorative cloth) elephants, charging horsemen, stylized flowers, warriors, musicians, crocodiles, and swans. The temple was actually commissioned by Soma Dandanayaka or
Somnath (he named the village after himself), the minister of the Hoyasala king, Narasimha, the third. The temple was built to house three versions of Krishna. The inner center of the
temple was the Kalyana Mandapa. Leading from here ‘were three corridors each ending in a shrine, one for each kind of Krishna – Venugopala, Janardana and Prasanna Keshava,
though only two remain in their original form. In the, darkness of the sanctum sanctorum, I tried to discern the different images. The temple’s sculptural perfection is amazing and it includes
the doors of the temple and the three elegantly carved towers.
Title: Somnathpur temple’s history
A. History of Somnath Temple
A.1. Built in 1268 A.D. in a village Somnath
A.2. Built by the Hoyasalas of Karnataka – best temple-builders.
A.2.1. Hoyasalas’ works, Belur and Helebid
A.3. Strength of Somnath
A.3.1. After invasion in 14th century, Somnath stood safe.
B. Beauty of Somnath
B.1. Beautiful sculpture on walls, pillars, and ceillings
B.2. Three shikharas and stands on a star-shaped
B.3. Raised platform with 24 edges.
B.4. Outer walls have a profusion of detailed carvings
B.5. Entire surface run over by carved plaques of stone
A.4. Perform more poorly in tests
B. Healthy breakfast benefits
B.1.1. Benefits memory
B.1.2. Provides essential nts. and energy
B.1.3. Higher blood glucose level after eating breakfast increase mental performance
B.1.4. Increase speed of recalling new inform.
B.1.5. Helps in retention of new inform.
- weight: wt.
- nutrients: nts.
- information: inform.
Most Important Note-Making Examples: Class 12 Exams Special 2023
5. Read the following passage carefully and make notes on it using headings and sub-headings. Supply an appropriate title and summary also : 4 + 1 = 5
It’s 10 pm and the research paper is due the next morning. Sam types frantically. Two weeks ago, it seemed that there was plenty of time to get the paper done. Last week, the final of a soccer
match on TV made it hard to study. Now it’s crunch time. Looking at the clock, Sam wonders, “Why do I keep doing this to myself ? Why haven’t
I learned not to put things off until the last minute ?” The word procrastination comes from the Latin term ‘Procrastinatus’. It means to put forward until tomorrow. Standard dictionary
definitions all include the idea of postponement or delay. Steel, a psychologist who has reviewed hundreds of studies on the subject, states that to procrastinate is “to voluntarily delay an intended course of action despite expecting to be worse-off for the delay”. Another expert, Dr. Joseph R. Ferrari (2005), distinguishes between people who tend to put things off and “chronic” or “real” procrastinators for whom this is their life and who might even need therapy. Ferrari categorizes procrastinators into three types: (a) stimulation types that get a thrill from beating a deadline, (b) avoiders put off doing things that might make others think badly of them, and (c) decisional procrastinators postpone making a decision until they have enough information to avoid making a wrong choice. Chronic procrastinators tend to have a low self-esteem and focus on the past more than the future. The Discounted Expectancy Theory illustrates with a student like Sam who puts off writing a paper. When the deadline is far off, the rewards for socializing now are greater than those for finishing a task not due until later. As the deadline looms, the
rewards or consequences for finishing the paper become more important. Tice and Baumeister (1997) found that procrastinators on the average got lower grades and had higher levels of stress and illness. Chu and Choi (2005) however, say that not all procrastinators are lazy and undisciplined. “Passive procrastinators” are more stressed, less efficient. “Active procrastinators
prefer to work under pressure” and “if something unexpectedly comes up, they will knowingly switch gears and engage in new tasks they perceive as more urgent.”
Title: Procrastination: Delay things off until the last minute
A. Excuse of Post.
A.1 Enough time to do
A.2. Didn’t learn to work in time
B. Def. of procrast.
B.1. Postponement till tomorrow
B.2. Procrast. derived from Procrastinatus
B.3. Procrast. means delay
C. Expert views of Procrast.
C.1. Steel, psy. calls it”voluntarily delay”
C.2. Dr. Joseph R. Ferrari named “chronic” or “real”
D. Procrast. types
D.1. Stimulation : a thrill from beating a deadline
D.2. Avoiders put off doing things
D.3. decisional procrastinators
E. Results of Procrast.
E.1. low self-esteem
E.2. focus on the past more than the future
E.3. Depends upon deadline
E.4. Procrastinators on the average got lower grades
F. Types of Procrastinators
F.1. “Passive procrastinators” are more stressed, less efficient.
F.2. “Active procrastinators prefer to work under pressure”
- Def.: Definition
- psy.: Psychology
6. Read the following passage carefully and make notes on it using headings and sub headings. Supply an appropriate title and summary also :
Whether work should be placed among the causes of happiness or among the causes of unhappiness may perhaps be regarded as a doubtful question. There is certainly much work which is exceedingly irksome, and an excess of work is always very painful. However, work is not, to most people, more painful than idleness. There are, in work, all grades; from more relief of tedium up to the profoundest delights, according to the nature of the work and the abilities of the worker. Most of the work that most people have to do is not interesting in itself, but even that
work has certain great advantages. To begin with, it fills a good many hour of the day without the need of deciding what one shall do. Most people, when they are left free to fill their own
time according to their own choice, are at a loss to think of anything sufficiently pleasant to be worth doing. And whatever they decide on, they are troubled by the feeling that something else would have been more pleasant here. To be able to fill leisure intelligently is the last product of civilization and at present very few people have reached this level. Moreover, the exercise of choice is tiresome in itself. Except, to people with unusual initiative, it is positively agreeable to be told what to do at each hour of the day, provided the orders are not too unpleasant. Most of the idle rich suffer unspeakable boredom. At times they may find relief by hunting big game in Africa or by flying around the world, but the number of such sensations is limited, especially after youth is past. Accordingly, the more intelligent rich men work nearly as hard as if they were poor. Work, therefore is desirable, first and foremost as a preventive of boredom,
although uninteresting work is as boring as having nothing to do. With this advantage of work, another associated advantage is that it makes holidays much more delicious when they come. Provided that a man does not have to work so hard as to impair his vigour, he is likely to find far more zest than an idle man would possibly find. The second advantage of most paid work and some of unpaid work is that it gives chances of success and opportunities for ambition. In most work, success is measured by income and while our capitalistic society continues, this is inevitable. However dull work too, becomes bearable, if it is a means of building up a reputation. Continuity of purpose is one of the most essential ingredients of happiness and that comes chiefly through work.
Title: Work is the most essential ingredients of happiness
Work can bring happiness or unhappiness?
A. Work can bring happi. or unhappiness?
A.1 Can work bring happiness or unhappiness?
A.1. 1. Much work irritates
A.1. 2. Excess work painful
A.1. 3. Work is not, to most people, more painful than idleness
A.2. Work brings relief as per the nature
A.2.1. Brings delights and advant.
B. Work is source of leisure
B.1. Fills a good many hour of the day
B.2. Most of the idle rich suffer unspeak. boredom
B.2.1. The more intelligent rich men work as hard as if they were poor
C.1. Benefits of work
C.1.1 Work is desirable and prevents boredom
C.1.2. Makes holidays much more delicious
C.1.3. Work gives chances of success and opportunities for ambition
D. Work is helpful to bring happiness irrespective of boredom
D.1. Dull work too, becomes bearable if build reputation
E. Hence, work is the most essential ingredients of happiness
- Happiness: happi.
- Advantageous: advant
- Unspeakable: Unspeak.
7. Read the following passage carefully and make notes on it using headings and sub headings. Supply an appropriate title also : 4 + 1 = 5
It is surprising that sometimes we don’t listen to what people say to us. We hear them, but we don’t listen to them. I was curious to know how hearing is different from listening. I had thought
both were synonyms, but gradually, I realised there is a big difference between the two words. Hearing is a physical phenomenon. Whenever somebody speaks, the sound waves generated
reach you, and you definitely hear whatever is said to you. However, even if you hear something, it doesn’t always mean that you actually understand whatever is being said. Paying attention to whatever you hear means you are really listening. Consciously using your mind to understand whatever is being said is listening. Diving deeper, I found that listening is not only hearing with attention, but is much more than that. Listening is hearing with full attention, and applying our mind. Most of the time, we listen to someone, but our minds are full of needless chatter and there doesn’t seem to be enough space to accommodate what is being spoken. We come with a lot of prejudices and preconceived notions about the speaker or the subject on which he is talking. We pretend to listen to the speaker, but deep inside, we sit in judgement and are dying to pronounce right or wrong, true or false, yes or no, Sometimes, we even come prepared with a negative mindset of proving the speaker – wrong. Even if the speaker says nothing harmful, we are ready to pounce on him with our own version of things. What we should ideally do is listen first with full awareness. Once we have done that, we can decide whether we want to make a judgement or not. Once we do that, communication will be perfect and our interpersonal relationship will become so much better. Listening well doesn’t mean one has to say the right thing at the right moment. In fact, sometimes if words are left unspoken, there is a feeling of tension and negativity. Therefore, it is better to speak out your mind, but do so with awareness after listening to the speaker with full concentration. Let’s look at this in another way. When you really listen, you imbibe not only what is being spoken, but you also understand what is not spoken as well. Most of the time we don’t really listen even to people who really matter to us.
That’s how misunderstandings grow among families, husbands and wives, brothers and sisters.
Title: Methods of achieving proper listening/How hearing is different from listening?
A. Are hearing and listening same?
A.1 Haring can’t be listening.
A.1. 1. Hearing is a physical phenomenon
A.1. 2. Sound reaches to our ears
A.1. 3. Hearing doesn’t mean understanding.
A.2. Paying attention in hearing means listen.
A.2.1. Listening is hearing with full attention
B. Causes of Improper listening
B.1. No attenttentin in hearing
B.2. Lack of space in the mind
B.3. Prejudices and preconceived notions in hearing
B.4. Dying to pronounce right or wrong, true or false, yes or no,
B.5. Negative mindset of proving the speaker – wrong
C. How can we achive proper listening?
C.1. Listen first with full awareness
C.2. Proper and unbiased listening means communication will be perfect
C.3. proper listening helps inter. relationship
C.4. It is better to speak out your mind,
C.5. We don’t really listen even to people who really matter to us
D. Result of improper listening
D.1. Misunder. grow among families, husbands and wives, brothers and sisters.
E. Hence, proper listening helps us to improve the relationships.
- listening: listen
- Interpersonal: inter.
- Misunderstandings: misunder.
8. Read the following passage carefully and make notes on it using headings and sub headings. Supply an appropriate title also : 4 + 1 = 5( Pre Board 2023)
In a very short period of time the internet has had a profound impact on the way we live. Since the internet was made operational in 1983, it has lowered both the costs of communication and the barriers to creative expression. It has challenged old business models and enabled new ones. It has provided access to information on a scale never before achievable. It succeeded because we designed it to be flexible and open. These two features have allowed it to accommodate innovation without massive changes to its infrastructure. An open, borderless and standardised platform means that barriers to entry are low, competition is high, interchangeability is assured and innovation is rapid. The beauty of an open platform is that there are no gatekeepers. For centuries, access to and creation of information was controlled by the few. The internet has changed that and is rapidly becoming the platform for everyone, by everyone. Of course, it still has a way to go. Today there are only about 2.3 billion internet users, representing roughly 30% of the world’s population. Much of the information that they can access online is in English, but this is changing rapidly. The technological progress of the internet has also set social change in motion. As with other enabling inventions before it, from the telegraph
to television, some will worry about the effects of broader access to information – the printing press and the rise in literacy that it affected were, after all, long seen as destabilising.
Similar concerns about the internet are occasionally raised, but if we take a long view, I’m confident that its benefits far outweigh the discomforts of learning to integrate into our lives. The internet and the world wide web are what they are because literally millions of people have made it so. It is a grand collaboration. It would be foolish not to acknowledge that the openness of the internet has had a price. Security is an increasingly important issue and cannot be ignored. If there is an area of vital research and development for the internet, this is one of them. I am increasingly confident, however, that techniques and practice exist to make the internet safer and more secure while retaining its essentially open quality. After working on the internet and its predecessors for over decades, I’m more optimistic about its promise than I have ever been. We are all free to innovate on the net everyday. The internet is tool of the people,
built by the people and it must stay that way.
Title: Impact of internet
A. Internet operations and effects
A.1 Operational in 1983
A.1. 1. Lowered the cost of commu.
A.1. 2. Birth of creative exp.
A.1. 3. Created new business models
A.2. Internet is flexible and open.
A.2.1. Helped in inno.
A.2.2. Removed barriers
B. Internet coverage
B.1. Platform for all
B.2. 2.3 billion internet users
B.3. Internet covers 30% of the world’s population
C. Internet language
C.1. English is internet language
C.2. Internet has also set social change in motion
D. Side effects of internet
D.1. Effects of broader access to information
D.2. Destabilising. and Security is an issue
E.1.Hence, all free to innovate on the net everyday
E.2. The internet is tool of the people, built by the people
- innovation: inno.
- communication: commu.
- expression: exp.
9. Read the following passage carefully and make notes on it using headings and sub headings. Supply an appropriate title also : 4 + 1 = 5
I remember my childhood as being generally happy and can recall experiencing some of the most carefree times of my life. But I can also remember, even more vividly, moments of being deeply frightened. As a child, I was truly terrified of the dark and getting lost. These fears were very real and caused me some extremely uncomfortable moments. Maybe it was the strange way things looked and sounded in my familiar room at night that scared me so much. There was never total darkness, but a street light or passing car lights made clothes hung over a chair
take on the shape of an unknown beast. Out of the corner of my eye, I saw curtains move when there was no breeze. A tiny creak in the floor would sound a hundred times louder than in the daylight and my imagination would take over creating burglars and monsters. Darkness always made me feel helpless. My heart would pound and I would lie very still so that ‘the enemy’ wouldn’t discover me. Another childhood fear of mine was that I would get lost, especially on my way home from school. Every morning, I got on the school bus right near my home –
that was no problem. After school, when all the buses were lined up along the curve, I was terrified that I would get on the wrong one and be taken to some unfamiliar neighbourhood. I would scan the bus for the faces of my friends, make sure that the bus driver was the same one that had been there in the morning, and even then ask the others over and over again to be sure that I was in the right bus. On school or family trips to an amusement park or a museum, I wouldn’t let the leaders out of my sight. And of course, I was never very adventurous
when it came to taking walks or hikes because I would go only where I was sure I would never get lost. Perhaps, one of the worst fears I had as a child was that of not being liked or accepted by others. First of all, I was quite shy. Secondly, I worried constantly about my looks, thinking people wouldn’t like me because I was too fat or wore braces. I tried to wear ‘the right clothes’ and had intense arguments with my mother over the importance of wearing flats instead of saddled shoes to school. Being popular was very important to me then and the fear of not being
liked was a powerful one. One of the processes of evolving from a child to an adult is being able to recognize and overcome our fears. I have learnt that darkness does not have to take on a life of own, that others can help me when I am lost and that friendliness and sincerity will encourage people to like me. Understanding the things that scare us as children helps to cope with our lives as adult.
Title: Childhood fear
A. Life of a child
A.1 Childhood is a happy and carefree age
A.1. 1. The mom. of fear in childhood
A.1. 2. Children have fear of darkness
A.1. 3. Fear of getting lost
A.2. Result of fear
A.2.1. Fears real and uncom.
A.2.2. Clothes hung over a chair look beasts
B. Feeling of fear and the results
B.1. Fear of being lost
B.2. Fear of catching wrong school bus
B.3. Not being liked or accepted
B.3.1.Because Shy, my looks, too fat or wore braces
C. How to overcome childhood fear?
C.1. Able to recognize and overcome our fears in adult.
C.2. learnt that darkness does not have to take on
C.3. Others can help me when I am lost
E.1.Hence, Understanding the things means no childhood fear
- moments: mom.
- uncomfortable: uncom.
- adulthood: adult.
10. Read the following passage carefully and make notes on it using headings and sub headings. Supply an appropriate title also : 4 + 1 = 5
The nine-letter word “interview” can perspire the most knowledgeable and strong people in the world. In modern times, your prospects depend on the success of an interview. First, an academic question : ‘What is an interview ?’ It is a discussion in which an interviewer faces a candidate for a short while and asks questions to probe his knowledge and awareness of the subject. These are done to assess the personality of the interviewee. It is a very formal means of interaction with one person facing a group of persons, each of whom is a specialist in his or her field. For a successful interview, you have to understand that knowledge is an important component of success. Knowledge has two aspects : range and depth. The former implies that you should know a lot beyond your specialization and the latter means an awareness of the various aspects of the topic under discussion. An indepth knowledge is gained through
reading and listening. Next comes appearance, which means your dress for the interview. You must be elegantly attired for the occasion. But remember : going for an interview is different from attending an evening party. Wear a simple outfit that suits your physique and features. Casuals like Kurta pyjamas, jeans, T-shirt or Kolhapuris should not feature in your
selection of dress. Conducting yourself in the apt way is equally significant. The way you move yourself, sit on the chair, place your hands and your briefcase and talk to the members reflect your behavior. Expression is the most important aspect of the interview. For good expressions, what you need is clarity of mind and speech. Show your balanced thinking to convey
your views clearly. Choose your words carefully. Use right words of normal usage, and abstain from verbosity. Avoid making ambiguous statements. Convey your point of view effectively. Create an impact through your expressions. Give the impression of being a leader. Show that you can cooperate and get it.
Title: Interview Rules
A. Interview, a way to success
A.1 Definition interview
A.1. 1. Interviewer faces a candidate
A.1. 2. Questions asked to know the candidate
A.1. 3.Check knowledge and aware.
A.1.4. Assess personality
B. Interview is formal
B.1. Systematic way to know the
B.2. system adopted in interview
B.3. formal questions asked
C. Component of successful interview
C.1. Knowledge important component
C.1. 1. Knowledge has two component
C.1.2. Range and depth
C.1.2.1. Range means knowledge beyond special.
C.1.2.2. Depth: awareness various subjects
D.1. Tips for successful interview
D.1.1. Reading and listening
D.1.2. Elegant dress
D.1.3. Simple outfit that suits your physique and features
D.1.4. Avoid Kurta pyjamas, jeans, T-shirt or Kolhapuris
D.1.5. Movement, sitting, hands, placing briefcase
D.1.6. Proper expression
D.1.6.1 Clarity in mind and speech
E.1. Interview expression and points
E.1.1.Balanced expression, correct words
E.1.2. Proper words, abstain verbosity
E.1.3. No ambi.statements.
E.1.4. Convey your point of view effectively
E.1.4. Impact through your expressions
E.1.5. Prove leadership
E.1.6. Cooperative and dissent acceptance
E.1.Hence, your prospects depend on the success of an interview
- awareness: aware.
- specialization: special.
- ambiguous: ambi.