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The Last Lesson Questions and Answers NCERT Class 12 English
The following are some frequently asked ququestionsn internet:
Q.1. Why was The Last Lesson called the last lesson?
French author Alphonse Daudet’s short story is titled “The Last Lesson.” It takes place in the late 19th century when Germany conquered the French provinces of Alsace and Lorraine. Franz, a young French student, is the main character of the novel. He attends the final French class before German becomes the official language of instruction in Alsace and Lorraine schools.
The significance of the title “The Last Lesson” is that it alludes to Franz and his classmates’ final French lesson before they must begin studying in German. It stands for the demise of a time period, the loss of a culture, and the repression of their language. The narrative illustrates how political and cultural shifts affect everyday people’s lives and highlights the significance of preserving cultural and linguistic diversity.
In the narrative, “The Last Lesson” denotes a turning moment in Franz’s life and the conclusion of his education in his mother tongue. The title is appropriate and tragic for the novel since it perfectly expresses the protagonists’ feelings of loss, longing, and imminent change.
Q.2.What is called Last Lesson?
The short story “The Last Lesson” was written by French novelist Alphonse Daudet. The phrase is often referred to by its original French name, “La Dernière Classe.” The tale was first released in 1873 as a short story collection named “Letters from My Windmill” (Lettres de mon moulin) by Daudet.
In “The Last Lesson,” a young student called Franz receives his final French class before the German language becomes required in schools in Alsace and Lorraine. The narrative examines issues related to language, culture, and the effects of governmental changes on people’s lives. It is regarded as a moving and symbolic depiction of the loss of identity and language.
Q.3. What does The Last Lesson symbolise?
Alphonse Daudet’s “The Last Lesson” has a number of metaphorical connotations that examine how societal and political changes affect people and their sense of self. Here are a couple of the narrative’s significant images:
Language and Cultural Identity: The French used in the novel represents the characters’ cultural heritage, particularly that of the Alsace and Lorraine regions. The forced conversion from French to German symbolises the erasure of local identity and loss of cultural legacy.
Loss and Nostalgia: Both the characters and the audience experience a sense of nostalgia as a result of the story’s setting and circumstances. The “last lesson” symbolises the passing of time, the end of a comfortable way of life, and the upcoming changes that will modify their cultural environment.
instructor and mentor: Monsieur Hamel, the French instructor, is a representation of commitment, experience, and enthusiasm for language and cultural preservation. He stands in for a person who is passionate about passing on information and is firmly rooted in the traditions and values that are in danger.
The story emphasises the value of education as well as the significance of appreciating and valuing one’s native tongue and cultural heritage. It emphasises the need of learning about one’s own past and the importance of not taking knowledge for granted.
Resistance and Resilience: The narrative illustrates the strength of resistance and people’s ability to be resilient in the face of adversity. Franz’s recognition of the importance of his native tongue and his resolve to keep learning it in spite of the policy shift serve as a metaphor for the refusal to entirely renounce one’s roots.
In general, “The Last Lesson” represents the erasure of cultural identity, the influence of language, the effects of political change on people, and the value of maintaining knowledge and tradition.
The Last Lesson Questions and Answers
Q.4. What is the significance of The Last Lesson?
Alphonse Daudet’s “The Last Lesson” has important cultural and historical value in addition to themes that connect with readers. The following are some of its most important implications:
Language, Culture, and Heritage Preservation: The story emphasises the value of maintaining language, culture, and heritage. It serves as a reminder of the importance of maintaining cultural identity in the face of political change and assimilation, as well as the worth of one’s original language.
Loss and nostalgia: “The Last Lesson” depicts a feeling of loss and longing for an earlier time. It evokes empathy and reflects the effects of historical events on people and communities by capturing the feelings experienced when a language or cultural tradition is forcibly suppressed.
Education and appreciation: The narrative highlights the importance of education and the value of knowledge. The importance of knowing, appreciating, and embracing one’s own history, language, and traditions is emphasised.
Resistance and Resilience: “The Last Lesson” demonstrates the strength of resistance and resilience in the face of hardship via the character of Franz. Franz’s will to carry on learning French in spite of the policy shift exemplifies the strength of the human will and the refusal to entirely submit to outside influences.
The story is set in a pivotal time in French history, around the time of Germany’s annexation of Lorraine and Alsace in the late 19th century. It clarifies the social and cultural effects of these political developments and offers a window into the perspectives of individuals impacted by these changes.
The sad message of “The Last Lesson” emphasises the value of language, culture, and tradition and the bearing they have on both individual and group identity. It inspires readers to consider the value of their own cultural roots and the necessity of protecting and valuing them.
Q.5. What is the moral of The Last Lesson?
The moral or lesson in Alphonse Daudet’s “The Last Lesson” can be understood as follows:
Appreciation of Education: The narrative emphasises the value of education and stresses the significance of valuing learning opportunities. It implores readers to value and not take for granted the knowledge and education at their disposal.
Preservation of Cultural Heritage: “The Last Lesson” places a strong emphasis on the need of maintaining one’s cultural heritage, which includes language and traditions. It sends the message that cultural identity is an essential component of who we are and should be protected in spite of pressure from the outside world.
The story illustrates the strength of a person’s personal willpower and resiliency. Franz’s resolve and refusal to entirely let go of his identity and ancestry are shown by his choice to keep learning French in spite of the policy shift.
Reflection on Historical Events: The novel invites readers to consider the effects of political and social developments on individuals and communities through the lens of its historical background. It acts as a reminder to comprehend the past and draw lessons from it, understanding the influence that such events and circumstances have had on people’s lives.
In conclusion, “The Last Lesson”‘s lesson emphasises the value of education, the need to protect cultural legacy, the strength of will, and the importance of considering historical events. It exhorts readers to respect education, savour their cultural heritage, and appreciate the importance of their own past.
FAQs of The Last Lesson
Q.6. What is the irony of The Last Lesson?
Alphonse Daudet’s short story “The Last Lesson” features a number of ironic elements that enhance its overall impact. Here are a few instances of irony from the narrative:
Irony of Timing: Franz’s last French lesson is the day that he realises the value of learning the language and wants to do so. Ironically, the loss of the chance to learn French coincides with his increased appreciation for his education.
Irony of Regret: Throughout the narrative, Franz and his classmates are depicted as being uninterested in and frequently taking for granted their French lessons. The irony is that when they learn that German will be the primary language of teaching moving forward, they suddenly regret it and realise how important French is only after it is too late.
Irony in the Teacher’s Dedication: The French teacher, Monsieur Hamel, is portrayed as being stern and unforgiving. On the day of the final lesson, though, it becomes clear how much he cares about the material. The irony is that until it is too late, the pupils’ disinterest in French stops them from properly appreciating their teacher.
Irony of Assimilation: The narrative takes place against the backdrop of Germany’s annexation of Lorraine and Alsace. The irony is that the government wants to incorporate the area into German culture, which is why German is required as the official language. A stronger sense of resistance and loyalty to the French language and culture are nevertheless fostered by this forced assimilation.
These ironic occurrences in “The Last Lesson” deepen the narrative by emphasising the contrast between the protagonists’ earlier indifference and their newfound appreciation of the importance of their education and cultural heritage. They support the story’s overall meaning and impact.
Q.7. Who was called Bub in The Last Lesson?
Franz, the young student who is the main character in “The Last Lesson” by Alphonse Daudet, is the “Bub” character. Franz’s peers refer to him as “Bub” as a sign of affection. It is a condensed version of the French word “Bouboule,” which translates to “chubby” or “plump”. The use of this nick name highlights the tight relationships and sense of community among the students, bringing a sense of familiarity and camaraderie to the classroom.
Q.8. What is the conclusion of The Last Lesson?
The final scene in Alphonse Daudet’s “The Last Lesson” conveys a sense of loss and longing while highlighting the eternal power of language and the significance of cultural identity. The conclusion is summarised as follows:
Franz arrives late for class at the end of the story after realising that it is his final French lesson before German takes its place as the primary language of instruction. The instructor, Monsieur Hamel, is sombre and dressed in his ceremonial garb. Flags and maps of France are displayed throughout the classroom, producing a strong sense of patriotism.
Monsieur Hamel shares his personal remorse for not appreciating the French language as a student at the start of the lesson. He bemoans the loss of their native tongue and exhorts the kids to preserve their culture.
Franz and his pupils pay close attention as the session unfolds, realising the elegance and importance of the French language and experiencing a strong sense of kinship with their cultural origins. They feel tremendous loss and remorse for not appreciating their French courses earlier.
Monsieur Hamel declares at the conclusion of the story that despite no longer receiving a government pay, it is his obligation to continue teaching French until the very end. He exhorts the kids to constantly remember that their language is their most priceless treasure.
The sad ending of “The Last Lesson” emphasises the value of embracing one’s culture and language before they are lost, leaving readers with a bittersweet sense. The importance of cultural identification is emphasised, and it acts as a reminder to value and uphold one’s language and traditions.
Q.9. Is the story of The Last Lesson based on true story?
Alphonse Daudet’s “The Last Lesson” is a work of fiction that is not based on a true event. The characters and events depicted in the story are the author’s inventions, even though the story is set against the historical backdrop of Germany’s acquisition of Alsace and Lorraine in the late 19th century.
The narrative of Daudet explores topics of language, culture, and identity against the backdrop of historical events. It is crucial to remember that the specific incidents and characters in the novel are not based on actual people or events.
The emotional and symbolic representation of the effects of political change on people and communities in “The Last Lesson” is important. Despite not being based on a factual tale, it touches readers because it effectively conveys the significance of conserving one’s legacy and the impact of cultural loss.
Q.10. Is The Last Lesson a short story?
Yes, Alphonse Daudet’s “The Last Lesson” is a short story. It is a narrative that is somewhat condensed and concentrates on a single occasion or theme. Short stories frequently include a condensed structure, a small cast of characters, and a focused examination of concepts or feelings. With its focus on a single French lesson and how it affects the protagonist and his classmates, the film “The Last Lesson” satisfies this criterion by addressing issues of cultural identity, language, and the impacts of political change.
Q.11. What type of story is The Last Lesson?
Alphonse Daudet’s “The Last Lesson” is under the realistic fiction subgenre. It takes place in a historical setting, specifically the late 19th-century German annexation of Alsace and Lorraine. Focusing on the feelings and experiences of the protagonist, Franz, and his classmates, the novel realistically depicts the people and events. The narrative has elements of nostalgia and introspection, but it also covers themes that are relevant to everyday life, such as the importance of education, cultural identity, and the effects of political change on people.