Tips for English Board Exam Class 12 | Class 12 English Me Pass Hone Ka Tarika 2024

Tips for English Board Exam Class 12:  Strategies for Guaranteed Success in the Class 12 English Exam (2024)

Introduction: If you find yourself anxious about the upcoming Class 12 English exam, fear not! Principal Sir, M.S. Yadav, from the YouTube channel @principalsirmsyadav, offers a foolproof guide to help you secure a 100% pass. Let’s delve into the key strategies outlined by him.

Let’s break down the strategies for each question in the Class 12 English exam:

Section A (Unseen Comprehension) [15]

Question 1: Tips for Comprehension Passage

  1. Read Actively:
    • Read the passage carefully, paying attention to the details.
    • Identify the main theme and supporting details.
  2. Analyse Questions:
    • Understand the types of questions (direct, inference, etc.).
    • Answer simpler questions first to build confidence.
  3. Time Management:
    • Allocate a specific time for each question.
    • Don’t spend too much time on one question; move on and come back later if needed.
  4. Vocabulary:
    • Pay attention to words that may have multiple meanings.
    • Use context clues to understand the meaning.
  5. Practice Previous Year Papers:
    • Familiarise yourself with the question patterns.
    • Practice solving comprehension passages from previous papers.
  6. Answer in sequence:
    • Answer questions in sequence to maintain coherence.
    • Use proper grammar and sentence structure.

2. Read the following passage carefully and make notes. Also give a suitable title to passage. 5
(4 + 1)

class 12 exam strategies and tips for passing in note making

Heading/title of the topic: 

A Sub Heading 1

    A 1.1 Point 1

    A1.2 Point 2

B Sub Heading 1

     B.1.1Point 1

     B1.2 Point 2

C 1 Sub Heading 1

     C 1.2 Point 1

        C 1.2 Sub- sub- Heading 2

          C 1.2.1 Point

Note-Making: Solved Passages for Class 12

1. Note-Making: BSEH Previous Years Question Papers Solutions for Class 12 English 2020 Set A

Q. 1. Read the following passage carefully and make notes on it using headings and sub-headings. Supply an appropriate title also : 4 + 1 = 5
A vast blanket of pollution stretching across South Asia is cutting down sunlight by 10 percent over India, damaging agriculture, modifying rainfall patterns and putting hundreds of thousands of people at risk, according to a new study. The startling findings of scientists working with the United Nations Environment Programme indicate that the spectacular economic growth seen in this part of the world in the past decade may soon falter as a result of pollution. Research carried out in India indicates that the haze caused by pollution might be reducing winter rice harvests by as much as 10 percent, the report said. “Acids in the haze may, by falling as acid rain, have the potential to damage crops and trees. Ash falling on leaves can aggravate the impact of reduced sunlight on earth’s surface. The pollution that is forming the haze could be leading to several hundred of thousands of premature deaths as a result of higher level of respiratory diseases,” it said. Results from seven cities in India alone, including Delhi, Mumbai, Ahmedabad and Kolkata, estimate that air pollution was annually responsible for 24000 premature deaths in the early 1990s.


Title: Pollution and its effects

1. Polution

1.1 Bad affects of pollution

1.2. Cut down sunlight

1.3. Dmg. agri.

1.4. Rainfall pattern changed

1.5. Life at risk

2. Scientists view on pollution

2.1. Faulty economic growth

2.1.1. Haze due to pollution reduces rice prod. by 10%

2.1.2 Acid rain dmg. crops and trees

2.1.3. Ash reduces sunlight

3. Side effects of haze

3.1. Reduces rice production

3.2. Causes premature deaths due to respiratory diseases

4. Result of pollution in seven cities

4.1. Air pollution causes 24000 deaths in 1990s


  1. Damaged: Dmg.
  2. Agriculture: agri.
  3. Production: prod.

Section B (Writing Skills) [15]

Question 3: Tips for Notice, Advertisement, or Poster Writing

  1. Follow the format:Question 3: Tips for Notice
    • Understand the format of the notice, advertisement, or poster.
    • Include details such as date, heading, content, and closing.
  2. Clarity and conciseness:
    • Be clear and concise in conveying the message.Question 3: Tips for Notice, Advertisement
    • Avoid unnecessary details and ensure the content is relevant.
  3. Engaging Language:
    • Use engaging language to attract attention.
    • Tailor the language according to the target audience.
  4. Highlight important information:
    • Emphasise key details like the event date, venue, and contact information.
    • Ensure that the essential information is easily noticeable.
  5. Proofread:
    • Proofread your writing to eliminate grammatical errors.
    • Check for spelling and punctuation mistakes.


Question 4: Tips for Paragraph Writing

  1. Focus on the topic:
    • Clearly understand the topic given in the question.
    • Develop a central theme for your paragraph.
  2. Introduction and Conclusion:
    • Begin with a compelling introduction.
    • Conclude your paragraph by summarising the main points.
  3. Logical Flow:
    • Maintain a logical flow of ideas.
    • Use transitional phrases to connect sentences.
  4. Use Examples:
    • Support your points with relevant examples.
    • Provide evidence or anecdotes to strengthen your argument.
  5. Word Limit:
    • Adhere to the word limit specified in the question.
    • Avoid unnecessary elaboration to stay within the limit.


Question 5: Tips for Letter Writing

  1. Format Awareness:
    • Understand the format of formal letter writing.
    • Include sender and receiver addresses, date, subject, and salutation.
  2. Clarity of Expression:
    • Clearly express the purpose of the letter.
    • Use formal language and maintain a polite tone.
  3. Structured Body:
    • Organise the body of the letter logically.
    • Address each point in a separate paragraph.
  4. Closure:
    • Conclude the letter with an appropriate closing remark.
    • Use proper closing phrases, such as “Yours sincerely” or “Yours faithfully.”
  5. Proofread:
    • Proofread for grammatical errors and clarity.
    • Ensure coherence and consistency in your writing.
Sample Template

1. [Sender’s Name and Address]


2. [Date/Reference No.]


3. [Receiver’s Name and Address]



4. [Subject]


5. [Salutation]

Dear Sir/Madam

6. [Body of the Letter]

Introductory Paragraph…………

This is to bring in your kind notice that you have not fulfilled the terms and conditions of the contract of sending the books for which you were given orders, vide order no……………, dated……………

Main body of the formal letter…………..

You failed to send the ordered books in good conditions and the the faulty delivery caused us a big loss……………..

Concluding Paragraph…………….

We are extremely sorry that you disappointed us as you didn’t hold up your end of the contract we signed……………


7. Sincerely

Yours lovingly, Yours faithfully, Sincerely Yours or Yours sincerely and Yours truly……….

8. [Signature]


9. [ Sender’s Name]

Name: ………

10. Email/Telephone no.


What types of information are provided in reports?

  • Explains an event or situation
  • The long-term results of an event or situation
  • Analytical or statistical data evaluation
  • Interpretations based on the report’s data
  • Predictions or recommendations based on the report’s information
  • What the information has to do with other events or reports
  • No personal opinions and arguments
  • Need to avoid modals like, should, may, and might
  • Only facts are revealed in reports
  • reports should be organized as per the incident that occurred
  • Step-by-step or beginning of incident to end without any alteration of facts
  • Generally, past tense is used in report writing

Question 1. You are Bhavan/Bhavika. As an active member of the Mountaineering Club of your school, you participated in a summer camp organized by the Indian Mountaineering Association.Support your ideas with outline cues given below. Write a report on the camp and its activities for your school newsletter in about 150-200 words. (HBSE 2019, SET A)

Clues for Report:

  • Importance of Camps for students
  • Development of children
  • Experience gained
  • Activities during Summer Camp
  • Importance of theme of the camp.
  • Unity in diversity

Step 1. First find out the topic or title of the report from the question: 

Report on Summer Camp and its Activities

Step 2. Write down the summary of the report in a few sentences:

The Indian Mountaineering Association of Morni Hills organized a seven-day summer camp at Morni Hills for children from various Haryana schools to teach them about life in the hills. It aided pupils in developing discipline, cooperation, and team spirit.

Step 3. Introduction of the report:

My school, like many others in Haryana, teaches children to be independent, self-sufficient, disciplined, and cooperative. All students reached Morni hills on the tenth of June in the evening. This summer camp was an important component of our growth as citizens of the country. As a member of our school’s Mountaineering Club, I was allowed to write a comprehensive report on the summer camp for our school’s newsletter.

Step 4. Body of the report:

We were offered a variety of activities such as mountaineering, trekking, rock climbing, living in unusual conditions, cooking instruction, and cultural activities. Every year, a fresh topic is chosen for this camp. This year’s summer camp theme was “Culture.” We were taught extensively about many cultures as well as a practical understanding of various states, such as music, lifestyle, and many other things.

We were assigned to research the customs and traditions of several cultures. We were asked to present what we had learned to everyone at the end of the program. This was a great and interesting activity since we got to hear everyone’s thoughts on the value of the camp. Our teachers also spoke up about the value of such camps and the wonderful impact they have on our children’s minds.

Step 5. Conclusion of the Report:

This camp was a fantastic experience for all of us because we came away with so many useful skills and knowledge. This camp taught us not just about different states and their cultures, but also how to work efficiently as part of a team.

1. Write a report to be published in the local newspaper about poor electricity conditions in your locality.

Report on Poor Electricity Conditions

By Neha


March 15, 2023

As a correspondent for Dainik Bhaskar Jhajjar, my name is Neha. I had the chance to travel to Arya Nagar in Jhajjar to learn about the locals’ complaints about the subpar electrical supply there. People in the colony reported that there were open manholes and a power outage in the evenings, when people are out and about.

As soon as I turned onto another street, the electricity went off. Accidents were caused by power outages. In order to study for their exams, the students were awaiting power. The colony experienced theft issues, and residents repeatedly complained to the officers in the electricity department. People were having difficulties at work every day.

Section C (Grammar) [10]

Question 6: Tips for Grammar Questions

  1. Verb Form:
    • Understand the context to choose the correct form of the verb.
    • Pay attention to subject-verb agreement.
  2. Indirect Speech:
    • Practice converting sentences from direct to indirect speech.
    • Understand the changes in pronouns, tenses, and other elements.
  3. Article Usage:
    • Identify the correct use of articles (a, an, the, or none).
    • Consider the context in which articles are used.
  4. Active and passive voice:
    • Differentiate between active and passive voices.
    • Pay attention to the transformation of sentences.
  5. Modal Verbs:
    • Understand the appropriate use of modal verbs.
    • Consider the context when choosing the right modal.
  6. Practice Regularly:
    • Practice a variety of grammar exercises regularly.
    • Focus on common error patterns and learn from mistakes.

Section D (Literature) [40]

Question 7: Tips for Prose Passage (Flamingo)

  1. Identify Theme:
    • Identify the main theme and purpose of the prose passage.
    • Understand the emotions and perspectives of the characters.
  2. Author’s Style:
    • Analyse the author’s writing style.
    • Consider the use of literary devices and language.
  3. Connect with Characters:
    • Connect emotionally with the characters.
    • Understand their motivations and conflicts.
  4. Predict Outcomes:
    • Make predictions about the possible outcomes or resolutions.
    • Consider the implications of the events described.
  5. Practice Summarization:
    • Practice summarising prose passages to improve comprehension.
    • Focus on condensing information while retaining key details.

(Literature) [40]
[ I. FLAMINGO (Prose) ]
7. Read the passages given below and answer the questions that follow by choosing the most suitable
option from the given alternatives. Do any one. 1 × 5 = 5
(i) … with its lands and seas, its cities and villages — was nothing but a big rattrap. It had never
existed for any other purpose than to set baits for people. It offered riches and joys, shelter and
food, heat and clothing, exactly as the rattrap offered cheese and pork, and as soon as anyone let
himself be tempted to touch the bait, it closed in on him, and then everything came to an end.
(a)What is the name of the chapter from which these lines have been taken?
(A) The Rattrap
(B) Lost Spring
(C) The Last Lesson
(D) Indigo
(b)What is the name of the author of the chapter?
(A) Selma Lagerlöf
(B) Pablo Neruda
(C) Louis Fischer
(D) Anees Jung
(c)What does ‘it’ refer to in the second sentence?
(A) Rattrap
(B) Big Rattrap
(C) The Materialistic World
(D) Greedy people
(d)What would happen if someone tried to touch the bait?
(A) It would close in on him.
(B) Everything would come to an end.
(C) He would relish the bait.
(D) Both (A) and (B).
(e)Who is thinking about this thought?
(A) The Peddler
(B) The Rattrap seller
(C) The Vagabond
(D) All of these
(ii) Morning found the town of Motihari black with peasants. They did not know Gandhi’s record in
South Africa. They had merely heard that a Mahatma who wanted to help them was in trouble with
the authorities. Their spontaneous demonstration, in thousands, around the courthouse was the
beginning of their liberation from fear of the British. The officials felt powerless without Gandhi’s
cooperation. He helped them regulate the crowd. He was polite and friendly. He was giving them
concrete proof that their might, hitherto dreaded and unquestioned, could be challenged by
(a)What is the name of the chapter from which these lines have been taken?
(A) The Rattrap
(B) Lost Spring
(C) The Last Lesson
(D) Indigo
(b)What is the name of the author of the chapter?
(A) Selma Lagerlöf
(B) Pablo Neruda
(C) Louis Fischer
(D) Anees Jung
(c)Motihari was the capital of ________.
(A) Cawnpore
(B) Champaran
(C) Haryana
(D) Lucknow
(d)Who thought that a Mahatma was in trouble with the authorities?
(A) Peasants
(B) Lawyers
(C) Doctors
(D) Teachers
(e)The British officials were outnumbered and were scared due to peasants’ demonstration.
Hence, they felt ________.
(A) powerful
(B) royal
(C) powerless
(D) dreadful


Question 8: Tips for Prose Passage (Flamingo)

  1. Understand Character Perspectives:
    • Understand the emotions and perspectives of the characters.
    • Identify the central themes and conflicts.
  2. Relate to real-life scenarios:
    • Relate the events in the prose passage to real-world scenarios.
    • Consider how the themes are relevant in today’s context.
  3. Highlight Irony and Satire:
    • Identify instances of irony and satire.
    • Consider the author’s use of humour or sarcasm.
  4. Discuss Character Development:
    • Analyse how characters evolve throughout the passage.
    • Consider the impact of events on character development.
  5. Practice critical analysis:
    • Practice critically analysing prose passages.
    • Consider different perspectives and interpretations.

8. Answer any one of the following questions in about 100 words. 5
(i) What kind of life did Saheb lead at Seemapuri? (Lost Spring)
(ii) “Don’t put off learning or doing things until tomorrow because the opportunity may be taken from
you by then.” Elaborate this statement in context of the chapter ‘The Last Lesson’.
9. Answer any four of the following questions in about 30-40 words each. 2 × 4 = 8
(i) Why did Umberto Eco prefer himself to be called an academician than a novelist? (The Interview)
(ii) How did the incident at the YMCA pool affect Douglas? (Deep Water)
(iii) Why is the Englishman’s visit described as an unexplained mystery? (Poets and Pancakes)
(iv) Why didn’t Sophie want Jansie to know about her story with Danny? (Going Places)
BSEH Practice Paper – 1 [English (Core)]
(v) Why was the Crofter so friendly and talkative with the Peddler? (The Rattrap)

[ II. FLAMINGO (Poetry) ]
10. Read the following stanzas carefully and answer the questions that follow. Do any one. 1 × 5 = 5
(i) …realised with pain
that she was as old as she
looked but soon
put that thought away, and
looked out at Young
Trees sprinting, the merry children spilling out of their homes,
(a)Who is the poet of these lines?
(A) Kamala Das
(B) Stephen Spender
(C) Pablo Neruda
(D) Adrienne Rich
(b)What is the name of the poem?
(A) An Elementary School Classroom in a Slum
(B) My Mother at Sixty-six
(C) Keeping Quiet
(D) A Roadside Stand
(c)Who does ‘she’ refer to in the above stanza?
(A) Poetess’s Aunt
(B) Poetess’s Mother
(C) Poetess’s Daughter
(D) Poetess’s Grandmother
(d)What did the poetess realize with pain?
(A) She had left her wallet at home.
(B) Her mother was old and prone to death.
(C) She had a headache.
(D) Her mother had forgot to take her pills.
(e)The mood outside of the car is _________ that inside the car.
(A) the same as
(B) the opposite of
(C) more mossier than
(D) more green than
(ii) When Aunt is dead, her terrified hands will lie
Still ringed with ordeals she was mastered by.
The tigers in the panel that she made
Will go on prancing, proud and unafraid.
(a)What is the name of the poem from which these lines have been taken?
(A) Aunt Karen’s Tigers
(B) Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers
(C) Aunt Adrienne’s Tigers
(D) None of these
(b)What is the name of the poet of this poem?
(A) Adrienne Rich
(B) Stephen Spender
(C) Pablo Neruda
BSEH Practice Paper – 1 [English (Core)]
(D) Kalki
(c)Why is Aunt terrified?
(A) She is tormented by her husband.
(B) She is a victim of domestic violence.
(C) She is afraid of tigers.
(D) Both (A) and (B)
(d)“Will go on prancing…” supports the __________.
(A) idea of mortality of humans
(B) idea of immortality of humans
(C) idea of immortality of tigers
(D) idea of immortality of art
(e)The word in the stanza which means the same as ‘afraid’ is _______.
(A) ordeals
(B) terrified
(C) unafraid
(D) prancing

11. Answer any two of the following questions in about 30-40 words each. 3 × 2 = 6
(i) Mention the things of beauty described by Keats. (A Thing of Beauty)
(ii) What is the childish longing that the poet refers to? Why is it in vain? (A Roadside Stand)
(iii) By keeping quiet, does Pablo Neruda mean to stand idle? If not, what does he want us to do?

[ III. VISTAS (Supplementary Reader)]
12. Answer any one of the following questions in about 100 words. 5
(i) Write a summary of the chapter ‘The Tiger King’, pointing out the humour, satire and irony in the
(ii) What were Zitkala-Sa’s experiences on her first day in the land of apples?(Memories of Childhood)
13. Answer any three of the following questions in about 30-40 words each. 3 × 2 = 6
(i) Do you think that the third level was a medium of escape for Charley? Why? (The Third Level)
(ii) There are moments in life when we have to make hard choices between our roles as private
individuals and as citizens with a sense of national loyalty. Discuss with reference to the story
‘The Enemy’.
(iii) The actual pain or inconvenience caused by a physical impairment is often much less than the
sense of alienation felt by the person with disabilities. Elaborate in context of Derry and Mr Lamb.
(On the Face of It)
(iv) ‘The world’s geological history is trapped in Antarctica.’ How is the study of this region useful to
us? (Journey to the End of the Earth)

I. Mastering Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs):

  • Begin by thoroughly reviewing the MCQs for all questions in your English syllabus.

II. Note-Making Questions:

  • Focus on understanding the format of note-making.
  • For questions related to notices and advertisements, memorise their correct formats.

III. Letter Writing:

  • Familiarise yourself with the standard format of formal letters.
  • Extract information from the question paper for sender and receiver addresses, date, subject, and content.

IV. Report Writing:

  • Read the question to identify the topic and the hints provided.
  • Construct sentences using the hints in the past tense, including a heading, date, place, introduction, discussion, and conclusion.

V. Text Book Section:

  • Memorise 10 key sentences from each half chapter and use them across the poetry, Flamingo, and Vistas sections.
  • Apply these important points to answer both short and long questions.

VI. Poetry and Prose:

  • Remember the names of chapters, poems, authors, and poets.
  • Learn the main themes of poems and chapters, and include two facts about the poet or writer in relevant questions.

VII. English Grammar:

  • Focus on MCQs, which are relatively straightforward.

Conclusion: By following these meticulous steps, Principal Sir assures even the weakest students in Class 12 English that success is within reach. Remember to stay calm, focus on the provided information in each question, and apply the learned formats. Best of luck for your Class 12 English exam in 2024! For a more detailed discussion, you can refer to Principal Sir’s YouTube channel, @principalsirmsyadav.

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