The Figure of Speech: A Tool for Improving Writing Skills will teach you how to write poetry, novels, stories, and articles like a pro. The figure of speech is the tool of writing, where the words are your ingredients. To create an effect in your writing comes after the usage of the figure of speech such as metaphor, simile, alliteration, irony, metaphor, personification, pun, and paradox. In schools, the students are supposed to learn some basic figures of speech to understand the poetry and stories which are written by the author to convey his/her meaning effectively.
Let us discuss some of the Figures of Speech which are useful for the students of secondary schools:
Definition of Figure of Speech
Oxford Languages defines the figure of speech as “a word or expression used not with its original meaning but in an imaginative way to make a special effect” Language can be written in two ways one is called “figurative language” and another is called ” literal language”.
- a Figurative language is a form of language that employs the figure of speech; often, poetry and novels are written using this technique.
- Literal language means exactly what it says on the page. For instance: “I took the bus because it was raining.”
Types of Figure of Speech with Examples
We will discuss some important figures of speech with examples of poems from classes 10 and 12.
Imagery is a figure of speech that “produces pictures in the minds of the people reading or listening”
Example of Imagery in “My Mother at Sixty-six” By Kamla Das
The poet uses the concept of death and youth by using imagery. “Trees sprinting, merry children spilling.” The poet explains this by comparing her mother’s old age with trees and young children.
A simile is “a word or phrase that compares something to something else, using the words ‘like’ or ‘as’, for example, ‘face like a mask’ or ‘white as snow; the use of such words and phrases”
A simile is a figure of speech that makes a comparison, showing similarities between two different things using the words “like” or “as.” The word comes from the Latin “similis” meaning “similar, like.” They are often used in literature such as poetry or novels, but it is also a device used in film by screenwriters.
Simile in My Mother’s Sixty-six
“face ashen like a corpse,” “as a late winter’s moon.” The poet compares her mother’s old age with a corpse and winter’s moon.
She uses words and phrases like “doze, open-mouthed”, “wan, pale as a late winter’s moon”, to tell us that these are signs of aging. Winter’s moon symbolizes the less shining moon.
In personification, the writer emphasizes humans and nonhumans by comparing them to produce the greatest effect on the reader.
Personification in My Mother at Sixty-six
The poet personifies the young trees and children. The young trees grow very fast as children are very active and are a symbol of youth, while their mother’s face is pale, ashy, and corpse-like.
In the world of poetry, repetition is in the form of words, phrases, sentences, and stanzas. Repetition emphasizes the idea, and feeling, and creates rhythm in the poem, An Elementary School Classroom in a Slum
“Break O break open till they break the town,”
‘ Far, far’
“the use of the same letter or sound at the beginning of words that are close together, as in ‘he built a big boat’”
Holding a unique universe undone by you
The letter “u” predominates in this sentence. This sentence utilizes alliteration effectively. Alliteration is a literary device that appears when the second or third letter’s sound occurs multiple times. Additionally, in stressed syllables, alliteration is employed to emphasize a consonant note. It has a rhythmic effect, as can be observed.
- Shy away your shyness.
- Sally sells sea shells by the seashore.
- She was shivering with shock.
- Simple sunlight silences is hovering here.
- The black sea sky was blaring to burn blue.
- She is shivering with shock.
- Stop that slouching and sit up straight.
- The soldier decided to desert his desert in the desert.
Hyperbole is an overstatement that can be used to emphasize a strong feeling without being taken literally.
“I was so cold I saw polar bears dancing in the night sky.”
Exaggerating anything intentionally to enhance emphasis, urgency, or excitement is known as hyperbole. Hyperboles are generally used in casual speech as intensifiers.
- He wept on an ocean of tears.
- The carry bag weighed a ton.
- She made the blood to fly.
Polar bears can’t dance (generally). Thus the reference of polar betos dancing in the night sky is an exaggeration of feeling extreme cold.
When a character addresses something or someone who isn’t there or is unable to react, they use an apostrophe as a figure of speech.
It can be used to identify the whole or to identify the whole by a part.
- A fleet of fifty sail left the port.
- She has many mouths to feed..
- There are so many hands to work in her organisation.
- O God, provide everyone the bread.
The Figure of Speech: A Tool for Improving Writing Skills: PDF
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